hardness of material


hardness of material
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English-russian plastics terminology dictionary. 2013.

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  • Hardness — This article is about mechanical properties of materials. For other uses, see Hard. Hardness is the measure of how resistant solid matter is to various kinds of permanent shape change when a force is applied. Macroscopic hardness is generally… …   Wikipedia

  • Material properties of diamond — This article addresses the material properties of diamond. For a broader discussion of diamonds, see diamond. For other uses of the word diamond, see diamond (disambiguation). Diamond An octahedral diamond crystal in matrix Gener …   Wikipedia

  • hardness tester — ▪ device       device that indicates the hardness of a material, usually by measuring the effect on its surface of a localized penetration by a standardized rounded or pointed indenter of diamond, carbide, or hard steel.       Brinell hardness is …   Universalium

  • hardness — the measure of a material s resistance to deformation by surface indentation or by abrasion. The most common method of measurement is Rockwell. Other methods are Brinell, Scleroscope, Tukon and Vickers. red hardness secondary hardness …   Mechanics glossary

  • Indentation hardness — tests are used to determine the hardness of a material to deformation. Several such tests exist, wherein the examined material is indented until an impression is formed; these tests can be performed on a macroscopic or microscopic scale. When… …   Wikipedia

  • Mohs scale of mineral hardness — The Mohs scale of mineral hardness characterizes the scratch resistance of various minerals through the ability of a harder material to scratch a softer material. It was created in 1812 by the German geologist and mineralogist Friedrich Mohs and… …   Wikipedia

  • Vickers hardness test — A Vickers hardness tester The Vickers hardness test was developed in 1924 by Smith and Sandland at Vickers Ltd as an alternative to the Brinell method to measure the hardness of materials.[1] The Vickers test is often easier to use than other… …   Wikipedia

  • Barcol hardness test — The Barcol hardness test characterizes the indentation hardness of materials through the depth of penetration of an indentor, loaded on a material sample and compared to the penetration in a reference material. The method is most often used for… …   Wikipedia

  • Meyer hardness test — This graph shows the differences between the Brinell hardness test and the Meyer hardness test. Notice that the Brinell test can report the same hardness value for a given specimen twice depending on the load. The Meyer hardness test is a rarely… …   Wikipedia

  • Knoop hardness test — The Knoop hardness test is a microhardness test a test for mechanical hardness used particularly for very brittle materials or thin sheets, where only a small indentation may be made for testing purposes. A pyramidal diamond point is pressed into …   Wikipedia

  • Knoop hardness — ▪ mineralogy       a measure of the hardness of a material, calculated by measuring the indentation produced by a diamond tip that is pressed onto the surface of a sample. The test was devised in 1939 by F. Knoop and colleagues at the National… …   Universalium

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